Technical Report: Identifying First Responder Communities through Social Network Analysis of Disaster-Related Traffic

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Abstract:

First responder communities across disciplines are in constant pursuit of appropriate technologies and methods to help save lives, protect the public, and deliver their services more safely. Responders in the coming years will be challenged with identifying technologies that are most effective (and cost-effective) in performing duties ranging from law enforcement to emergency medical to fire fighting, and training professionals to use those technologies properly. Technology researchers can help define and deliver the needed technologies by helping to gather and understand responders' requirements in a timely way. Social media provides a bridge that could span the gap between the first responder and research communities. In this report we present our work on applying social network analysis to the problem locating sub-communities of first responders within universe of Twitter users and identifying current topics and active stakeholders within them. We describe the design and prototyping of a set of visualization-driven interactive tools that form a "dashboard" for interacting with aggregated data to perform focused social network analysis.

History

DateCreated ByLink
July 22, 2014
14:05:11
John S. EricksonDownload
July 18, 2014
09:43:58
John S. EricksonDownload
July 15, 2014
21:40:44
John S. EricksonDownload

Related Projects:

First Responders logoFirst Responders Requirements Metholodology (FirstResponders)
Principal Investigator: Deborah L. McGuinness
Co Investigator: John S. Erickson
Description: The purpose of this project is to design and prototype a requirements-gathering methodology driven by the first responders community. The methodology will include examining the current state of collecting and synthesizing responder requirements, assessing the effectiveness of that process, evaluating existing candidate platforms for use within this community, and producing a roadmap that can be used by NIST and others to achieve a solution enabling the responder community to more effectively dialogue with key stakeholders. A prototype implementation of the methodology will be developed using the roadmap and will be available for testing and evaluation and requirements gathering.

Related Research Areas:

Social Web
Lead Professor: Jim Hendler
Description: Social Web
Concepts: Semantic Web
Web Science
Lead Professor: Jim Hendler, Deborah L. McGuinness
Description: Web Science is the study of the World Wide Web and its impact on both society and technology, positioning the Web as an object of scientific study unto itself. Web Science recognizes the Web as a transformational, disruptive technology; its practitioners study the Web, its components, facets and characteristics. Ultimately, Web Science is about understanding the Web and anticipating how it might evolve in the future.
Concepts: Semantic Web