Toward Next Generation Integrative Semantic Health Information Assistants

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Abstract:

Managing a complex illness often requires different treatment regimens spread over a long time. The complexity of these potentially life-threatening diagnoses can be daunting to patients while they are most vulnerable. We present a vision for artificial intelligence-enabled tools for assisting patients in managing the complex information given to them over the course of their treatments through the combination of existing and emerging techniques from natural language processing and knowledge representation. We provide examples from an actual breast cancer diagnosis and treatment plan and highlight the development of new combinations of techniques to build tools that can reason about data from a variety of sources and act as intelligence-augmenting agents. We conclude with a discussion of some additional challenges facing artificial intelligence practitioners as applications become patient-centric.

History

DateCreated ByLink
September 19, 2014
12:12:49
Evan W. PattonDownload

Related Projects:

Mobile Health Project LogoMobile Health
Principal Investigator: Deborah L. McGuinness
Description: The Mobile Health project aims to bring semantic representations of medical data collected from a variety of consumer and medical grade devices and integrate those data on an individual's mobile smartphone. Combined with the reasoning capabilities of semantic web and technologies such as IBM Watson, this project plans to enable personalized health care through the instrumented self.
Repurposing Drugs with Semantics (ReDrugS)
Principal Investigator: Deborah L. McGuinness and Jonathan Dordick
Description: We aim to find new effective treatments for disease using existing drugs. Our approach is to gather and integrate existing data using semantic technologies to help discover promising drug repurposing.

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Data Science
Lead Professor: Peter Fox
Description: Science has fully entered a new mode of operation. Data science is advancing inductive conduct of science driven by the greater volumes, complexity and heterogeneity of data being made available over the Internet. Data science combines of aspects of data management, library science, computer science, and physical science using supporting cyberinfrastructure and information technology. As such it is changing the way all of these disciplines do both their individual and collaborative work.

Data science is helping scienists face new global problems of a magnitude, complexity and interdisciplinary nature whose progress is presently limited by lack of available tools and a fully trained and agile workforce.

At present, there is a lack formal training in the key cognitive and skill areas that would enable graduates to become key participants in escience collaborations. The need is to teach key methodologies in application areas based on real research experience and build a skill-set.

At the heart of this new way of doing science, especially experimental and observational science but also increasingly computational science, is the generation of data.

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Lead Professor: Deborah L. McGuinness
Description: Inference And Trust
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Knowledge Provenance
Lead Professor: Deborah L. McGuinness
Description: Knowledge Provenance
Concepts: Provenance,
Semantic eScience
Lead Professor: Peter Fox
Description:
Science has fully entered a new mode of operation. E-science, defined as a combination of science, informatics, computer science, cyberinfrastructure and information technology is changing the way all of these disciplines do both their individual and collaborative work.
As semantic technologies have been gaining momentum in various e-Science areas (for example, W3C's new interest group for semantic web health care and life science), it is important to offer semantic-based methodologies, tools, middleware to facilitate scientific knowledge modeling, logical-based hypothesis checking, semantic data integration and application composition, integrated knowledge discovery and data analyzing for different e-Science applications.
Partially influenced by the Artificial Intelligence community, the Semantic Web researchers have largely focused on formal aspects of semantic representation languages or general-purpose semantic application development, with inadequate consideration of requirements from specific science areas. On the other hand, general science researchers are growing ever more dependent on the web, but they have no coherent agenda for exploring the emerging trends on the semantic web technologies. It urgently requires the development of a multi-disciplinary field to foster the growth and development of e-Science applications based on the semantic technologies and related knowledge-based approaches.

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Web Science
Lead Professor: Jim Hendler, Deborah L. McGuinness
Description: Web Science is the study of the World Wide Web and its impact on both society and technology, positioning the Web as an object of scientific study unto itself. Web Science recognizes the Web as a transformational, disruptive technology; its practitioners study the Web, its components, facets and characteristics. Ultimately, Web Science is about understanding the Web and anticipating how it might evolve in the future.
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