From data portal to knowledge portal: Leveraging semantic technologies to support interdisciplinary studies

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Abstract:

Scientific research practices regularly adopt new technologies and platforms in an effort to increase information timeliness, sharing and discoverability. There are many initiatives related to open data, open code, open access, open collections, composing the topic of Open Science in academia. Being open has two levels of meanings. The first is to make the data, code, sample collections and publications, etc. freely accessible online. The other is the annotation and connection between those resources to establish the provenance information for reproducible scientific research. In this paper we present our work on a web portal for the Deep Carbon Observatory (DCO) community [1]. The DCO is a 10-year (2009-2019) initiative to intensify global attention and scientific effort in the burgeoning field of deep carbon science. Inspired by guiding questions such as “how much carbon does Earth contain?”, “where is it?” and “what can deep carbon tell us about origins?” more than 1000 scientists across the world are actively participating in the DCO community. The DCO web portal is a re-search collaboration website developed to keep track of all researchers, organizations, instruments, field sites, and research outputs related to the DCO community. We intend for the DCO web portal to be a knowledge portal - adopting state-of-the-art semantic technologies to support various stages of the scientific process within and beyond the DCO community.

History

DateCreated ByLink
October 9, 2015
11:00:20
Patrick WestDownload

Related Projects:

DCO-DS LogoDeep Carbon Observatory Data Science (DCO-DS)
Principal Investigator: Peter Fox
Co Investigator: John S. Erickson and Jim Hendler
Description: Given this increasing data deluge, it is clear that each of the Directorates in the Deep Carbon Observatory face diverse data science and data management needs to fulfill both their decadal strategic objectives and their day-to-day tasks. This project will assess in detail the data science and data management needs for each DCO directorate and for the DCO as a whole, using a combination of informatics methods; use case development, requirements analysis, inventories and interviews.

Related Research Areas:

Data Frameworks
Lead Professor: Peter Fox
Description: None.
Concepts: eScience
Data Science
Lead Professor: Peter Fox
Description: Science has fully entered a new mode of operation. Data science is advancing inductive conduct of science driven by the greater volumes, complexity and heterogeneity of data being made available over the Internet. Data science combines of aspects of data management, library science, computer science, and physical science using supporting cyberinfrastructure and information technology. As such it is changing the way all of these disciplines do both their individual and collaborative work.

Data science is helping scienists face new global problems of a magnitude, complexity and interdisciplinary nature whose progress is presently limited by lack of available tools and a fully trained and agile workforce.

At present, there is a lack formal training in the key cognitive and skill areas that would enable graduates to become key participants in escience collaborations. The need is to teach key methodologies in application areas based on real research experience and build a skill-set.

At the heart of this new way of doing science, especially experimental and observational science but also increasingly computational science, is the generation of data.

Concepts: eScience
Semantic eScience
Lead Professor: Peter Fox
Description:
Science has fully entered a new mode of operation. E-science, defined as a combination of science, informatics, computer science, cyberinfrastructure and information technology is changing the way all of these disciplines do both their individual and collaborative work.
As semantic technologies have been gaining momentum in various e-Science areas (for example, W3C's new interest group for semantic web health care and life science), it is important to offer semantic-based methodologies, tools, middleware to facilitate scientific knowledge modeling, logical-based hypothesis checking, semantic data integration and application composition, integrated knowledge discovery and data analyzing for different e-Science applications.
Partially influenced by the Artificial Intelligence community, the Semantic Web researchers have largely focused on formal aspects of semantic representation languages or general-purpose semantic application development, with inadequate consideration of requirements from specific science areas. On the other hand, general science researchers are growing ever more dependent on the web, but they have no coherent agenda for exploring the emerging trends on the semantic web technologies. It urgently requires the development of a multi-disciplinary field to foster the growth and development of e-Science applications based on the semantic technologies and related knowledge-based approaches.

Concepts: eScience
X-informatics
Lead Professor: Peter Fox
Description: In the last 2-3 years, Informatics has attained greater visibility across a broad range of disciplines, especially in light of great successes in bio- and biomedical-informatics and significant challenges in the explosion of data and information resources. Xinformatics is intended to provide both the common informatics knowledge as well as how it is implemented in specific disciplines, e.g. X=astro, geo, chem, etc. Informatics' theoretical basis arises from information science, cognitive science, social science, library science as well as computer science. As such, it aggregates these studies and adds both the practice of information processing, and the engineering of information systems.
Concepts: , eScience