Web Science

Printer-friendly version

Description:

The science of understanding the complex, cross-disciplinary dynamics driving development on the Web


TWC RPI Web Science Research Center


Projects:
EAGER Project LogoEAGER: Semantic Search (EAGER)
Principal Investigator: Jim Hendler
Description: NSF EAGER project to explore advanced semantic technology for data search.
First Responders logoFirst Responders Requirements Metholodology (FirstResponders)
Principal Investigator: Deborah L. McGuinness
Co Investigator: John S. Erickson
Description: The purpose of this project is to design and prototype a requirements-gathering methodology driven by the first responders community. The methodology will include examining the current state of collecting and synthesizing responder requirements, assessing the effectiveness of that process, evaluating existing candidate platforms for use within this community, and producing a roadmap that can be used by NIST and others to achieve a solution enabling the responder community to more effectively dialogue with key stakeholders. A prototype implementation of the methodology will be developed using the roadmap and will be available for testing and evaluation and requirements gathering.
Health Data Challenge (HealthData)
Principal Investigator: Jim Hendler and Deborah L. McGuinness
Co Investigator: Kristine Gloria, Alvaro Graves, Tim Lebo, and James McCusker
Description: An infrastructure for large-scale collaboration around aggregation, generation, and publication of health-related Linked Data.
Health on the Web
Principal Investigator: Joanne S. Luciano and Deborah L. McGuinness
Description: The Tetherless World Constellation's Health on the Web's primary goal is to explore the next generation web technology needed to improve health.
DCO-DS LogoLinking Open Government Data (LOGD)
Principal Investigator: Deborah L. McGuinness and Jim Hendler
Description: The LOGD project investigates the role of Semantic Web technologies, especially Linked Data, in producing, enhancing and utilizing government data published on Data.gov and other websites.
Mobile Health Project LogoMobile Health
Principal Investigator: Deborah L. McGuinness
Description: The Mobile Health project aims to bring semantic representations of medical data collected from a variety of consumer and medical grade devices and integrate those data on an individual's mobile smartphone. Combined with the reasoning capabilities of semantic web and technologies such as IBM Watson, this project plans to enable personalized health care through the instrumented self.
TW LogoNightingale: Proactive Depression Treatment with Individual Social, Sensory and Virtual Technologies. (Nightingale)
Principal Investigator: Mei Si, Joanne S. Luciano, and Jonas Braasch
Description: Depression costs! Each year, billions of dollars are wasted and millions of lives are disrupted because depression is complex, access is limited, treatments are one-size-fits-all, and therapies are trial and error. Nightingale aims to develop innovative solutions using social machines, virtual reality, and pervasive sensor technologies. The goals are: (1) predict an upcoming depression based on personalized features and cognitive modeling, (2) intervene using intelligent synthetic characters and augmented realities with telepresence capabilities for therapists, and (3) provide intelligent tools to users to inform themselves about their condition. Nightingale monitors the user using non-invasive cameras and biosensors, web-based weather data and information about the user’s daily activities. Nightingale intervenes with constructive suggestions, a positive environment, or an alert that medical help is needed. Together, these solutions can better target the right treatments for the right patients at the right time.
ORGPedia LogoORGPedia Corporate Intelligence (ORGPedia)
Principal Investigator: Jim Hendler
Description: This project is for creating prototypes of linking open corporate data for the ORGPedia project. It will be a portal for integrated disparate datasets about corporations across levels of government and agencies.
Nanomine LogoOntology-Enabled Polymer Nanocomposite Open Community Data Resource (Nanomine)
Principal Investigator: Deborah L. McGuinness, Cate Brinson, Linda Schadler, and Wei Chen
Description: Our evolving semantics=driven data resource, named NanoMine, is an open access, user friendly, living, growing, data resource for the polymer nanocomposites community that is scalable and enables improved understanding of processing – structure - property relationships and thus facilitates faster nanocomposite design and insertion into advanced applications. By bringing together the data that is scattered throughout the public literature and private files and creating a protocol for recording and tagging data, this resource is an unprecedented compilation of information that is accessible. Tools within the resource allow users to visualize complex data, analyze images from their work, and design new polymer nanocomposites materials. For NanoMine to realize broad community acceptance and address scientific questions at the forefront of technology, it marries cutting edge cyber infrastructure with a robust set of data and tools.
PopSciGrid LogoPopulation Science Grid (PopSciGrid)
Principal Investigator: Deborah L. McGuinness
Description: The National Cancer Institute’s (NCI) PopSciGrid Community Health Portal is an evolving platform demonstrating how health behavior, policy, and demographic data can be integrated, visualized, and communicated to empower communities and support new avenues of research and policy for cancer prevention and control. As a proof of concept for cyber-enabled population health research, the PopSciGrid Portal is designed to encourage trans-disciplinary collaboration, data harmonization, and development of new computational methods for disparate health related data.
data.rpi.edu Project LogoRensselaer Polytechnic Institute Data Services (Data.rpi.edu)
Principal Investigator: Jim Hendler and Peter Fox
Description: Providing data storage, data services, data access, data discovery, data search, and data lifecycle and management for RPI research projects.
SVF LogoSemantic Vernaculars for Fungi (SVF)
Principal Investigator: Deborah L. McGuinness
Co Investigator: Nathan Wilson
Description: Fungi are typically referred to by either scientific or common names. Neither of these terminologies meets the need for well-defined, persistent definitions of groups of fungi who exhibit similar macroscopic qualities, but may be dissimilar genetically. We propose a community-developed vocabulary that can be used to identify mushrooms based on properties that can be observed in the field (without microscopic or genomic examination). We show how an ontology can be used to develop and organize the terms and definitions and to enable applications based on the vocabulary.
SemantAQUA LogoSemantic Water Quality Portal (SemantAQUA)
Principal Investigator: Deborah L. McGuinness
Co Investigator: Joanne S. Luciano
Description: We present a semantic technology-based approach to emerging environmental information systems. We used our linked data approach in the Tetherless World Constellation Semantic Water Quality Portal (TWC-SWQP). Our integration scheme uses a core domain ontology and integrates water data from different authoritative sources along with multiple regulation ontologies to enable pollution detection and monitoring. An OWL-based reasoning scheme identifies pollution events relative to user chosen regulations. Our approach also captures and leverages provenance to improve transparency. In addition, semantic water quality portal features provenance-based facet generation, query answering and data validation over the integrated data via SPARQL. We introduce the approach and the water portal, and highlight some of its potential impacts for the future of environmental monitoring systems.
SPP Project LogoSocial Practices (SPP)
Principal Investigator: Jim Hendler
Description: The overall goal of this project is to explore and establish a better understanding of privacy in this highly-networked world. This page features the tools and workflow needed to accomplish such a task. We argue that while much has been written and discussed about privacy in various domains (e.g., law, psychology, economic behavior, security, etc.), it remains unclear what exactly is the privacy problem? Our aim is to reframe our own understanding of privacy by moving away from these traditional disjointed compartments of knowledge. Moreover, given the complexity, we advocate this research question as an exemplar for the value of combining efforts between human and machine. This project features tools, workflow(s) and best practices we've developed and implemented to accomplish such a task. This is and will be a work in progress. Any comments and or feedback are welcomed. Please email Kristine Gloria at glorim@rpi.edu for more information.
TW Website Project
Description: A semantically-powered Tetherless World Website running in the Drupal CMS. This combines many web standard technologies, including RDF, SPARQL, XSLT, and XHTML.
TWC schema.org Project LogoTWC Schema.org Vocabulary Development (TWC_Schemas)
Principal Investigator: Jim Hendler
Co Investigator: Joshua Shinavier
Description: schema.org provides a collection of schemas — html tags — that webmasters can use to markup their pages in ways recognized by major search providers. Search engines including Bing, Google, Yahoo! and Yandex rely on this markup to improve the display of search results, making it easier for people to find the right web pages. Since early 2012 researchers at TWC RPI have been working with government and research data providers to define vocabularies for expressing the structured data that powers their web sites, using on-page markup based on schema.org vocabularies. In particular, we developed the schema.org/Dataset extension, a concise vocabulary that extends schema.org for describing datasets and data catalogs. Current work includes applying Dataset to scientific datasets and developing new extensions for use by Web Observatories
TW LogoTWC Web Observatory (WebObservatory)
Principal Investigator: Deborah L. McGuinness
Co Investigator: Jim Hendler
Description: The Web Science Research Center at TWC RPI is working with other members of the Web Science Trust to create a global "Web Observatory". The global movement toward Open Data and transparency have successfully motivated the release of very large institutional and commercial data sets describing social phenomena, economic indicators and geographic trends. This proliferation of data represents great opportunity for researchers and industry but this data abundance also threatens to make it ever more difficult to locate, analyse, compare and interpret useful information in a consistent and reliable way; a situation which can only get worse unless we can help stakeholders perform useful analysis rather than drowning in a sea of data. A global Web Observatory will offer an institutional framework to promote the use of W3C and other standards in the development of Semantic Catalogues to globally locate existing data sets, Collection Systems to gather new global data sets, and Analytics Tools and methodologies to analyse these data sets.
Web Science Research Center (WSRC)
Principal Investigator: Deborah L. McGuinness
Co Investigator: John S. Erickson
Description: Web Science is the study of the World Wide Web and its impact on both society and technology, positioning the Web as an object of scientific study unto itself. Web Science recognizes the Web as a transformational, disruptive technology; its practitioners study the Web, its components, facets and characteristics. Ultimately, Web Science is about understanding the Web and anticipating how it might evolve in the future.
Wineagent LogoWine Agent
Principal Investigator: Deborah L. McGuinness
Description: The Wine Agent represents knowledge of wines and foods and is a demonstration platform for a large variety of Semantic Web technologies in a rich domain and is derived from previous work in the field of reasoning systems.
People:
Dominic DiFranzo

PhD Computer Science student working on the Semantic Web, Social Machines and Linked Open Data

John S. Erickson

John S. Erickson, Ph.D. has spent over two decades studying the unique social, legal, and technical problems that arise when managing and disseminating information in the digital environment. Currently Director of Research Operations at the Rensselaer Institute for Data Exploration and Applica [...]

Kristine Gloria

Kristine is an incoming Ph.D. student working in the Tetherless World Constellation where she hopes to continue her research at the intersection of technology, information and policy. Her past research includes: online political discourse and civic engagement; human rights; information, communicatio [...]

Jim Hendler

James Hendler is the Tetherless World Professor of Computer and Cognitive Science, and the Assistant Dean for Information Technology and Web Science, at Rensselaer. He is also a faculty affiliate of the Experimental Multimedia Performing Arts Center (EMPAC), serves as a Director of [...]

Joanne S. Luciano

Dr. Joanne Luciano was with the Tetherless World Constellation from August of 2010 until December 2013 as a Research Associate Professor. Dr. Luciano has played a leading role in the BioPathways Consortium, in the creation and development of BioPAX and the establishment of the W3C initiativ [...]

Deborah L. McGuinness

Dr. Deborah McGuinness is a leading expert in knowledge representation and reasoning languages and systems and has worked in ontology creation and evolution environments for over 20 years. Most recently, Deborah is best known for her leadership role in semantic web research [...]

Patrick West

Patrick West is a senior software engineer at Entangled Media, Inc. He is currently responsible for the design and development of full-stack web applications that help users manage their profile and subscription for the younity app. The younity app acts as a relay between media content that resi [...]